cerebral palsy

cerebral palsy
a disorder of movement and/or posture as a result of nonprogressive but permanent damage to the developing brain. This damage may occur before, during, or immediately after delivery and has many causes, including an inadequate supply of oxygen to the brain, low levels of glucose in the blood (hypoglycaemia), and infection. It is often associated with other problems, such as learning difficulties, hearing difficulties, poor speech, poor balance, and epilepsy. There are three main types of cerebral palsy: spastic, in which the limbs are difficult to control and which may affect the whole body (quadriplegic), one side of the body (hemiplegic), or both legs (diplegic); ataxic hypotonic, in which the main problem is poor balance and uncoordinated movements; and dyskinetic, in which there is involuntary movement of the limbs. Management requires a multidisciplinary approach, the main components of which are physiotherapy, speech and language therapy, educational assistance, and appropriate appliances.

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  • Cerebral palsy — Classification and external resources …   Wikipedia

  • cerebral palsy — cerebral palsied. Pathol. a form of paralysis believed to be caused by a prenatal brain defect or by brain injury during birth, most marked in certain motor areas and characterized by difficulty in control of the voluntary muscles. [1920 25] * *… …   Universalium

  • cerebral palsy — n a disability resulting from damage to the brain before, during, or shortly after birth and outwardly manifested by muscular incoordination and speech disturbances see ataxic cerebral palsy, athetoid cerebral palsy, spastic cerebral palsy… …   Medical dictionary

  • cerebral palsy — [ US .ˌ.. ˈ..] n [U] a disease caused by damage to the brain before or during birth which results in difficulties of movement and speech …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • cerebral palsy — noun uncount a medical condition affecting someone s control over their movement and speech, usually caused by damage to the brain before or during birth …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • cerebral palsy — ► NOUN ▪ a condition marked by impaired muscle coordination and spastic paralysis, caused by damage to the brain before or at birth …   English terms dictionary

  • cerebral palsy — n. any of several nonprogressive motor disorders resulting from damage to the central nervous system, esp. before or during birth, and, usually, characterized by spastic paralysis …   English World dictionary

  • cerebral palsy — noun a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑spastic paralysis • Derivationally related forms: ↑spastic (for: ↑spastic paralysis) …   Useful english dictionary

  • cerebral palsy — N UNCOUNT Cerebral palsy is a condition caused by damage to a baby s brain before or during its birth, which makes its limbs and muscles permanently weak …   English dictionary

  • Cerebral Palsy Alliance — Industry Nonprofit organization Founded Sydney, NSW (1945) Headquarters 321 Mona Vale Road, Terry Hills NSW Website www.cerebralpalsy.org.au The Cerebral Palsy Alliance (formerly The Spastic Centr …   Wikipedia

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